Building a cleanroom is no easy task. It doesn’t matter if you start with a brand-new construction or if you are creating a modular laboratory cleanroom, there are very specific materials and methods that need to be taken into consideration during the build process. Because a cleanroom or cleanroom suite requires a high level of construction, it’s important to work with experts in lab design and cleanroom execution. LCS Constructors has experience providing quality cleanrooms for a wide variety of client needs. Keep reading to learn about some of the different construction techniques and processes that are used when building a cleanroom.
In a previous blog, we talked a bit about many materials that are not good choices for a cleanroom environment. In fact, many of them could easily lose your company’s ISO certification due to elevated particulate counts. That’s why it’s so important to follow the standard methods put in place in order to build and maintain a cleanroom to exacting standards. Consider some of these general methods that can be implemented by your lab construction management company.
A cleanroom has to be built to be airtight. This includes the walls, ceilings, floors, doorways, and windows. An airtight cleanroom keeps exterior particulate outside the space.
A cleanroom has to have smooth internal finishes that can easily be cleaned often. Making sure all the equipment in a cleanroom is made of materials such as stainless steel will make sure that no additional particles are present in crevices or released from stringent cleaning. This also includes having curved corners, so no surface can escape cleaning.
A cleanroom must be constructed from materials that are tough and resistant to chipping or powdering on impact, as well as resistant to process chemicals. You do not want to use materials that could corrode or break, releasing particulates into the space.
A cleanroom may need to be built with electro-dissipative materials or with materials that provide a minimum “outgassing” of chemicals depending on the cleanroom’s use. These specific needs are only for cleanrooms managing semiconductor builds, or other very specific purposes.
Conventional Versus Clean-Build Techniques
Along with having very specific construction specifications, cleanrooms also have a couple of different ways in which they can actually be built. There are two different construction processes that can be implemented, along with the methods discussed above.
The first approach to building a cleanroom involves a conventional construction approach. While still following the specific methods put in place in order to have a properly functioning cleanroom, the general building process continues as you would expect for any other building. The biggest difference is simply the interior design, with rounded corners, and material selection. At the completion of the build, a “final super clean” will be completed in order to make sure that the space meets the needed standards for particulate matter in the room.
The second approach to constructing a cleanroom involves a process known as “clean-build.” This process involves taking all the necessary steps to reduce construction dust, grime, and buildup from accumulating in the cleanroom during construction. This process also involves a “final super clean” of the cleanroom prior to it being considered truly complete, however, this clean can be much easier because steps were taken during construction to mitigate contamination. These steps can include anything from proper material storage to limit dust build up to making sure to cut materials and do other dirty tasks outside of the cleanroom space prior to the installation.
For a proper lab design and cleanroom construction, turn to the experts at LCS Constructors for the best cleanroom construction in the industry to meet your company’s needs! Contact us today for more information.